2022 World Cup: How qualifying works around the world

play
Marcotti: World Cup expectations are high for Italy (0:53)

Gab Marcotti believes the best is yet to come for the Italian national team, which has been playing well. (0:53)

Qualifying for the 2022 World Cup began on June 6, 2019, when minor nations from the Asian confederation played their first round of matches. Mongolia's Norjmoogiin Tsedenbal scored the very first goal in qualifying in a 2-0 win over Brunei Darussalam.

NB: World Cup qualifying has been seriously affected by the coronavirus pandemic with many qualifying paths suspended. The information below may change depending on the viability of the qualifying paths and local situations.

EUROPE (UEFA; 13 PLACES)

European qualifying home page

There are 55 European nations and qualifying began in March 2021. There are 10 groups of 5 or 6 teams, with qualifying treble headers in March and September to make up for the lost World Cup qualifying dates from June 2021 (the new date for Euro 2020).

Group winners will go direct to the finals.

The groups are:

Group A: Portugal, Serbia, Republic of Ireland, Luxembourg, Azerbaijan
Group B: Spain, Sweden, Greece, Georgia, Kosovo
Group C: Italy, Switzerland, Northern Ireland, Bulgaria, Lithuania
Group D: France, Ukraine, Finland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kazakhstan
Group E: Belgium, Wales, Czech Republic, Belarus, Estonia
Group F: Denmark, Austria, Scotland, Israel, Faroe Islands, Moldova
Group G: Netherlands, Turkey, Norway, Montenegro, Latvia, Gibraltar
Group H: Croatia, Slovakia, Russia, Slovenia, Cyprus, Malta
Group I: England, Poland, Hungary, Albania, Andorra, San Marino
Group J: Germany, Romania, Iceland, North Macedonia, Armenia, Liechtenstein

- Click here to see the upcoming European fixtures

Match Dates:
MD 1-3: March 24 to 31
MD 4-6: Sept. 1 to 8
MD 7-8: Oct. 8-12
MD 9-10: Nov. 11-16

The final three places with be allocated via playoffs. This will involve the 10 runners-up plus the two best-ranked group winners in the 2020-21 UEFA Nations League not to have qualified.

The order of preference for the two teams to enter the playoffs (if required) via the Nations League is: France, Belgium, Italy, Spain, Wales, Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovenia, Montenegro, Albania, Armenia, Gibraltar, Faroe Islands.

There will be three routes, each with four teams with a semifinal and a final for a place at the World Cup, playoffs to be held in March 2022. The draw will be seeded based upon qualifying round points. The two UEFA Nations League teams will be unseeded.

SOUTH AMERICA (CONMEBOL 4.5 PLACES)

South American qualifying home page

As in recent qualifying competitions, all 10 nations play each other home and away. The top four nations qualify directly to the finals. The fifth-place team will go into an intercontinental playoff (draw to be determined).

The first four rounds of qualifiers in March and September 2020 were suspended and it finally began in October 2020.

However, the two planned rounds of matches in March 2021 were postponed due to issues with European players being able to travel to South America amid the pandemic.

There will already be an additional international break in January 2022 to help complete qualifying in full in the existing format. But the loss of another two rounds puts that in jeopardy. There is at present no news on how the games will fit into the calendar.

- Check out the latest fixtures and results here | Latest table

NORTH AMERICA, CENTRAL AMERICA, CARIBBEAN (CONCACAF; 3.5 PLACES)

CONCACAF qualifying home page

CONCACAF has 35 FIFA-affiliated nations, most of them very minor in world football.

A revamped qualification process was confirmed for the 2022 edition, which was due to begin in September 2020 and run to September 2021. However, this has now been abandoned due to the coronavirus pandemic.

The format had to be reworked again, as follows:

Round One: Nations ranked 6-35 in the FIFA World Ranking were drawn into six groups of five. Each team will play every other team in their group only once, with the round to be played in March and June 2021. The six group winners will progress.

- Click here to see the latest Round One fixtures and results | Latest tables

Group A: El Salvador, Antigua and Barbuda, Grenada, Montserrat, US Virgin Islands
Group B: Canada,Suriname, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Aruba
Group C: Curaçao, Guatemala, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Cuba, British Virgin Islands
Group D: Panama, Dominican Republic, Barbados, Dominica, Anguilla
Group E: Haiti, Nicaragua, Belize, St Lucia, Turks and Caicos Islands
Group F: Trinidad and Tobago, St Kitts and Nevis, Guyana, Puerto Rico, Bahamas

Round Two: The six group winners will play home and away in a direct elimination format, in June 2021. The three winners will progress.

Winners of Group A vs. Winners of Group F
Winners of Group B vs. Winners of Group E
Winners of Group C vs. Winners of Group D

Final Round: The three winners join the teams ranked 1-5 in FIFA's World Ranking (Costa Rica, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, United States). The eight teams will play each other home and away, a total of 14 matches. The top three qualify directly, with the fourth-placed team going to the intercontinental playoff in June 2022.

Match Dates:
MD 1-3: September 2021
MD 4-6: October 2021
MD 7-8: November 2021
MD 9-11: January 2022
MD 12-14: March 2022

AFRICA (CAF; 5 PLACES)

African qualifying home page

There are 54 FIFA-affiliated nations.

Round One: The 28 lowest ranked nations play two-legged ties. The ties were played in September 2019, with the full list of results available here.
Round Two: The 14 winners from the first round were joined by the other 26 African nations. Those 40 teams were split into 10 groups of four teams, with the group winners advancing to the final round.

This round was due to begin in March 2020 and run through to October 2021 until football was suspended. The preliminary World Cup competition will now be played in four windows in 2021, with two games each. The group stage runs from May 31-June 15, and continues in the FIFA windows on Aug. 30-Sept. 7 and Oct. 4-12.

The groups are:

Group A: Algeria, Burkina Faso, Niger, Djibouti
Group B: Tunisia, Zambia, Mauritania, Equatorial Guinea,
Group C: Nigeria, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Liberia
Group D: Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Mozambique, Malawi
Group E: Mali, Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda
Group F: Egypt, Gabon, Libya, Angola
Group G: Ghana, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Ethiopia
Group H: Senegal, Congo, Namibia, Togo
Group I: Morocco, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Sudan
Group J: Congo DR, Benin, Madagascar, Tanzania

Round Three: The 10 group winners will be drawn into head-to-head, two-legged ties for one of the five places at the World Cup. Fixtures to be played in November 2021.

ASIA (AFC; 4.5 PLACES)

Asia qualifying home page

The first two rounds of qualifying are exactly the same as four years ago.

Round One: The 12 lowest ranked nations played two-legged ties in June 2019. Guam, Macau, Mongolia, Timor-Leste, Bangladesh and Cambodia advanced.
Round Two: The six winners from the first round joined the other 34 Asian nations, drawn into eight groups of five teams -- also played as qualifiers for the 2023 Asian Cup finals (for this reason World Cup hosts Qatar will take part).

The eight group winners and the four best group runners-up go through. If Qatar win their group, seven group winners and five best group runners-up progress.

Qualifying is still suspended due to the pandemic, with no games played since November 2019.

In at attempt to get all games completed, the AFC has decided to hold all matches on a centralised basis. The host nations are shown in bold. The round will now be completed between May 31 and June 15, 2021.

Group A: China, Syria, Philippines, Maldives, Guam
Group B: Australia, Jordan, Chinese Taipei, Kuwait, Nepal
Group C: Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Hong Kong, Cambodia
Group D: Saudi Arabia, Uzbekistan, Palestine, Yemen, Singapore
Group E: Bangladesh, Oman, India, Afghanistan, Qatar
Group F: Japan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Myanmar, Mongolia
Group G: United Arab Emirates, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia
Group H: South Korea, Lebanon, North Korea, Turkmenistan, Sri Lanka

Round Three (final group round): The remaining 12 nations will be drawn into two groups of six teams. Group winners and runners-up qualified for the World Cup. To be played September 2021 to March 2022.
Round Four: The teams finishing third in round three played a two-legged playoff, to be played May or June 2022. The winners then advanced to an inter-confederation playoff, to be played June 2022.

OCEANIA (OFC; 0.5 PLACES)

Oceania qualifying home page

All 11 FIFA-affiliated national teams are due to take part.

Round One: Teams split into two groups based upon FIFA World Ranking playing round robin games. The top two nations in each group progress. At present there is no date though January 2022 has been suggested.
Round Two: The four teams play home and away semifinals and final for the right to go through to the intercontinental playoff (June 2022).

INTERCONTINENTAL PLAYOFFS (2 PLACES)

This will feature one team each from Asia, CONCACAF, Oceania and South America. A draw will determine the two-legged ties. They will be played in June 2022 -- pushed back from the original scheduled date in March 2022.