United States of sports betting: An updated map of where every state stands

Which other states are on the path to getting legalized sports betting like Nevada? Saul Loeb/AFP/Getty Images

After New Jersey's Supreme Court victory in May 2018, any state can legalize sports betting.

At the same time various state lawmakers are considering sports betting legislation. Congress is too.

Sens. Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., and now-retired Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, co-introduced comprehensive sports betting legislation at the end of 2018. On Sept. 27, 2018 the House Judiciary Committee held a formal hearing on the topic.

The dual track of proposals -- state and federal -- have increased in frequency since the start of 2017.

To measure the change in the landscape, we ranked all 50 states and the District of Columbia in terms of how likely it is for each jurisdiction to offer full-scale legal sports betting. A brief synopsis for the active states is included, with updates to follow.

Last updated on Sept. 29, 2021. Data provided by American Gaming Association.


Already there

1. Nevada

No longer the only state to permit a wide variety of legal sports betting, Nevada is a mature market that has existed for decades. Given its long history in successfully offering regulated sports wagering, many states might look to Nevada for best practices.

Type of wagering permitted: In-person and mobile
Notable prohibitions: None

2. Delaware

On June 5, 2018, Delaware moved to offer single-game betting on a number of different sports at three casinos in the state. Expanded sports wagering options could take place at additional locations or online. Delaware's authorization of what Gov. John Carney described as "a full-scale sports gaming operation" happened less than a month after the Supreme Court ruled that the federal law restricting single-game betting to Nevada was unconstitutional.

Type of wagering permitted: In-person
Notable prohibitions: No betting on games involving in-state college teams

3. New Jersey

On June 11, 2018, Gov. Phil Murphy signed the sports betting bill that had passed the previous week. A William Hill sportsbook at Monmouth Park took the first bets on Thursday, June 14 at 10:30 a.m. ET. Gov. Murphy was the first customer in line. The Borgata in Atlantic City booked sports bets 30 minutes later. Other sportsbooks in New Jersey opened soon thereafter. For example, FanDuel's first sportsbook at the Meadowlands opened its doors on July 14.

Type of wagering permitted: In-person and mobile
Notable prohibitions: No betting on games involving in-state college teams and collegiate events held within the state

4. Mississippi

Two casinos owned by MGM Resorts booked their first sports bets in Mississippi on Aug. 1, 2018. Mississippi enacted a new law in 2017 that allowed for sports betting pending a favorable decision by the Supreme Court. In June 2018, the Mississippi Gaming Commission adopted implementing regulations that require all betting to take place in person, with mobile wagering to be considered later.

Type of wagering permitted: In-person
Notable prohibitions: None

5. West Virginia

On Aug. 30, 2018, West Virginia became the fifth state to offer legal and regulated sports betting when the Hollywood Casino -- a sportsbook owned by Penn National -- opened its doors. The move came six months after the West Virginia legislature passed a new bill with the West Virginia Lottery Commission serving as the chief regulator.

Type of wagering permitted: In-person and mobile
Notable prohibitions: None

6. New Mexico

On Oct. 16, 2018, the Santa Ana Star Casino & Hotel booked its first sports bet in partnership with Nevada-based USBookmaking. Although New Mexico has not passed any new sports betting legislation since the Supreme Court's decision, the move by the Santa Ana Star Casino & Hotel was made via a gaming compact with the state. According to Nedra Darling, spokeswoman at the Department of the Interior's Office of Indian Affairs -- the federal agency in Washington, DC that oversees tribal gaming compacts -- the New Mexico compacts permit "any or all forms of Class III Gaming," a category in the federal regulations that specifically includes "[a]ny sports betting and pari-mutuel wagering."

Type of wagering permitted: In-person
Notable prohibitions: No betting on games involving in-state college teams

7. Pennsylvania

The Hollywood Casino at Penn National Race Course booked the first legal sports bets in Pennsylvania in mid-November 2018. The move came just over a year after Gov. Tom Wolf signed a new sports betting bill as part of a broad legislation push that included online poker and DFS. The October 2017 bill became effective after the Supreme Court's May 2018 ruling upending the federal ban on single-game betting outside of Nevada.

Type of wagering permitted: In-person and mobile
Notable prohibitions: None

8. Rhode Island

The Twin River Casino in Lincoln opened its doors for legal sports betting on Nov. 26, 2018. The move came five months after Gov. Gina Raimondo signed the state budget, which included language allowing sports betting. Only two locations would be allowed to offer sports betting under the law, with the state's lottery providing regulatory oversight. In early 2019, the law was tweaked to provide for mobile betting.

Type of wagering permitted: In-person and mobile
Notable prohibitions: No betting on games involving in-state college teams

9. Arkansas

On July 1, 2019, the Oaklawn Racing Casino Resort booked the first legal sports bets in Arkansas. Two other retail locations opened sportsbooks in the subsequent months. Sports betting is regulated by the Arkansas Racing Commission.

Type of wagering permitted: In-person
Notable prohibitions: No betting on games involving in-state college teams

10. New York

On July 16, 2019, the first legal sports bets were placed in New York. J. Gary Pretlow -- a New York lawmaker and chair of the state's racing and wagering committee -- was among the first to place a wager at the Rivers Casino in Schenectady. The opening of a legal sportsbook came six years after New York passed a law to allow sports betting at four on-site locations, all in upstate New York. After lying dormant for years, the law was revived after the Supreme Court ruling in 2018 and the issuance of regulations earlier this year. April 2021, Gov. Andrew Cuomo and lawmakers agreed to a budget deal that specifically provided for statewide mobile sports betting, with a yet-to-be-announced launch date.

Type of wagering permitted: In-person; mobile pending
Notable prohibitions: No betting on games involving in-state college teams

11. Iowa

Legal sports betting arrived in Iowa on Aug. 15, 2019, with multiple operators all opening their doors to customers on the first day. The move came three months after Iowa Governor Kim Reynolds signed into a law a comprehensive bill to legalize sports betting in the Hawkeye State. Operators must pay a $45,000 licensing fee and there is a 6.75 percent tax on revenue. The new law permits mobile wagering. Betting on college sports is permitted, but certain kinds of in-game prop bets involving college games are banned. The new law bestows the Iowa Racing and Gaming Commission with authority to regulate sports betting.

Type of wagering permitted: In-person and mobile
Notable prohibitions: No prop betting on in-state college athletics

12. Oregon

Legal sports betting returned to Oregon on Aug. 27, 2019, after a long hiatus, with the first bets booked on-site at the Chinook Winds Casino Resort in Lincoln City. Oregon is one of a small number of states that already had a law on the books permitting some forms of sports betting, so the resumption of wagering did not require the legislature to pass any new law or have the governor amend an existing tribal-state compact. In mid-October, mobile sports betting arrived in Oregon too, with the state-run lottery overseeing the launch of a new website and app.

Type of wagering permitted: In-person and mobile
Notable prohibitions: None at the Chinook Winds Casino Resort, but sportsbook operated by the Oregon Lottery does not permit betting on games involving in-state colleges

13. Indiana

Legal sports betting opened up at a number of locations in Indiana on Sept. 1, 2019. The Indiana Gaming Commission oversees all sports betting regulations and has issued licenses to operators across the state. Wagering on both college and pro sports is permitted, but betting on esports and high school sports is banned. Indiana's new law allows for both mobile and in-person wagering. Regulations permit sports leagues or colleges to request "to utilize a geofence to prohibit wagers at the location of a particular sporting event."

Type of wagering permitted: In-person and mobile
Notable prohibitions: No prop betting on in-state college athletics

14. New Hampshire

Governor Chris Sununo placed the ceremonial first legal sports wager -- on the New England Patriots -- in New Hampshire on Dec. 30, 2019. The state's lottery is in charge of regulatory of regulatory oversight. Both retail and mobile sports betting will be permitted on a wide variety of sports, although no betting on New Hampshire's in-state colleges is allowed.

Type of wagering permitted: Mobile
Notable prohibitions: No betting on in-state colleges

15. Illinois

Legal sports betting arrived in Illinois on March 9, 2020. The move came less than a year after the Illinois legislature passed a broad gaming bill that allowed for both online and in-person sports betting. With Governor J.B. Pritzker's signature, the new law also provided for betting on-location at venues such as Wrigley Field. Operators and certain data providers are required to obtain a license under the new law.

Type of wagering permitted: In-person and mobile
Notable prohibitions: No wagering on minor leagues or Illinois college teams

16. Michigan

Legal sports betting in Michigan commenced on March 11, 2020, with two Detroit-area casinos launching on the same day. The move came less than three months after Governor Gretchen Whitmer signed the "Lawful Sports Betting Act" into law. The new law provides for wagering on a wide variety of sports, including college contests.

Type of wagering permitted: In-person and mobile
Notable prohibitions: None

17. Montana

Legal sports betting arrived in Montana in March 2020. The move came after Governor Steve Bullock formally signed into law a 28-page bill that brought sports wagering to Big Sky country via the state's lottery. Governor Bullock cited the Montana Lottery's "proven track record of responsibility and integrity" when signing the bill.

Type of wagering permitted: In-person
Notable prohibitions: None

18. Colorado

May 1, 2020 marked the launch of legal sports betting in Colorado, with multiple operators allowing residents to open accounts online and place wagers. The move came less than six months after Colorado voters -- by a narrow margin -- approved a ballot measure that would provide "for the regulation of sports betting through licensed casinos." Both mobile and retail sports betting are permitted. Tax revenue from sports betting will help fund various state water projects.

Type of wagering permitted: In-person and mobile
Notable prohibitions: None

19. Washington, D.C.

In June 2020, the D.C. Lottery launched its "GameBetDC" platform allowing consumers "to wager while in the District on major sports worldwide" via computer or mobile device. Sports betting in nation's capital followed the passage of the Sports Wagering Lottery Amendment Act of 2018 and a Congressional review period during which time Congress did not formally object. The Office of Lottery and Gaming provides regulatory oversight of all sports wagering in D.C.

Type of wagering permitted: In-person and mobile
Notable prohibitions: No betting on games involving colleges located in D.C.

20. Tennessee

Regulated sports wagering -- all online -- launched on November 1, 2020 in Tennessee with four licensed operators offering a wide variety of options. The "Tennessee Sports Gaming Act" permits statewide mobile sports betting without any brick-and-mortar anchor. As such, there are no in-person retail sports betting locations in the state. Subject to an exception, Tennessee's new law requires all licensed operators to "exclusively use official league data for purposes of live betting."

Type of wagering permitted: Mobile only
Notable prohibitions: None

21. Virginia

Sports bettors in Virginia started placing legal bets January 2021 after legalized sports wagering was approved in the Commonwealth of Virginia in April 2020. Online betting is allowed, but wagering is not permitted on Virginia-based college sports or certain youth sports. The Washington Football Team obtained a sports betting license from the Virginia Lottery in 2021, marking the first time an NFL team had obtained a wagering-related license in any jurisdiction.

22. North Carolina

March 2021 marked the arrival of legalized sports betting in North Carolina. The launch came after Gov. Roy Cooper signed a 2019 bill to "allow sports and horse race wagering on tribal lands," with such betting designated as a 'Class III' gaming activity under the state compact. The new law permits betting on both college and professional sports, but all bettors must place their wagers in-person at one of two retail locations.

23. Wyoming

Governor Mark Gordon signed a mobile-only sports betting bill into law on April 5, 2021. The new law -- like Tennessee's -- allows for statewide mobile sports betting without any tether to a brick-and-mortar casino. Online only started on Sept. 1, 2021.

24. Washington

The retail sports betting market at Washington's tribal casinos launched on Sept. 9. Mobile betting is not allowed statewide but is permitted when on-site at a licensed tribal casino. Betting on games involving in-state colleges is prohibited, along with betting on minor league professional sports.

25. Arizona

On May 24, 2021, the federal Department of the Interior formally approved tribal-state gaming compacts that permit both sports wagering and fantasy sports contents. Both in-person and mobile betting are permitted in Arizona, with certain commercial sportsbooks partnering with sports venues for market access. The mobile and retail sports betting markets in Arizona launched Sept. 9, 2021.

26. South Dakota

On November 3, 2020, voters in South Dakota approved a ballot measure permitting "sports wagering in Deadwood." Other tribal locations in South Dakota could see the arrival of regulated sports betting too. State lawmakers must now establish a regulatory apparatus and tax rate for legalized sports wagering. Sports betting launched Sept. 9, 2021 and is allowed on-site at casino properties in Deadwood. Mobile wagering is allowed only on casino premises.

27. Connecticut

In May 2021, the Connecticut legislature approved sports wagering via tribal-state compact. With Governor Ned Lamont's signature secured one day later, the federal Department of the Interior has a 45-day window to approve the updated compacts. The in-person, retail sports betting market launched on the last day of September and is expected to be followed by online sports betting this fall. Betting on college sports involving Connecticut universities is prohibited.

28. North Dakota

Retail sports betting has launched in North Dakota and is run by tribal casino operators.


On-deck circle

29. Maryland

In November 2020, Maryland voters approved "sports and events betting for the primary purpose of raising revenue for education" by about a 2-1 margin. The Maryland referendum would potentially allow for both in-person and mobile sports betting throughout the state. May 2021, Governor Ralph Hogan signed enabling legislation into law, green-lighting sports betting to go live in late 2021.

30. Louisiana

In November 2020, voters in the vast majority of Louisiana's 64 parishes approved a ballot measure permitting "sports wagering activities and operations." As a result, regulated sports wagering could come to New Orleans and certain other cities as early as 2021. Lawmakers will be tasked with setting up a regulatory scheme during an upcoming state legislative session.

31. Nebraska

November 3, 2020, Nebraska voters approved certain amendments to its state constitution legalizing "all games of chance." Six months later, Gov. Pete Rickets signed a limited-scope bill to regulate in-person sports betting. No mobile wagering or betting on Nebraska college sports would be allowed. Fall 2021 is targeted as a possible start date.

32. Florida

On May 19, 2021, the Florida legislature approved a tribal-state gaming compact with the Seminole Tribe of Florida. The new compact provides for both retail and mobile sports betting and makes Florida the most populous state to approve sports gambling since the Supreme Court case was decided in 2018. Upon approval by the federal Department of the Interior and the resolution of any potential lawsuit challenging the compact, sports wagering could launch in late 2021.


Moving toward legalization

All of these states have seen some degree of legislative activity towards the legalization of sports betting the past few years.

33. Oklahoma

In April 2020, two federally-recognized tribes reached agreement with Oklahoma Governor Kevin Stitt on new gaming compacts that include sports betting. On June 8, 2020, Governor Stitt announced that the Department of the Interior had approved the compacts, paving the way for sports betting to start in Oklahoma as soon as the "compacts are published in the Federal Register." A bipartisan group of state lawmakers, along with Oklahoma's attorney general, have expressed opposition to the expansion of sports betting in Oklahoma and the prospect of legalized sports wagering remains uncertain.

34. Maine

On the last day of the state's 2019 legislative session -- June 19 -- Maine lawmakers passed "An Act to Ensure Proper Oversight of Sports Betting in the State." Shortly thereafter, the governor vetoed the bill. The legislature could re-introduce the bill later.

35. Kentucky

36. Massachusetts

37. Minnesota

38. Missouri

39. Kansas

40. South Carolina

41. California

42. Ohio

43. Hawaii

44. Texas

45. Georgia

46. Vermont

47. Alabama

48. Alaska


No legalization activity ... yet

49-50. Idaho and Wisconsin

These states have not had any publicly-announced bills devoted to sports betting legalization.


Unlikely

51. Utah

Utah's anti-gambling stance is written into the state's constitution. Any change to existing state policy toward gambling would be a massive departure from decades of opposition to any form of gambling, including lottery tickets, table games and sports betting.